Bubble Sort is a simple sorting algorithm that repeatedly steps through the list, compares adjacent elements, and swaps them if they are in the wrong order. The pass through the list is repeated until the list is sorted. This algorithm is named because smaller elements "bubble" to the top of the list with each iteration. However, it is not very efficient, especially for large lists, due to its quadratic time complexity. Despite its inefficiency, it is often used in educational contexts to demonstrate sorting algorithms due to its simplicity.